One of the most powerful of Border clans the Scotts are first recorded in the 12th century. The Scotts of Buccleuch are the principal family. Sir Walter Scott was created Lord Scott of Buccleuch in 1600 and his son, the 2nd Lord, was elevated as Earl of Buccleuch in 1619. Anna, Countess of Buccleuch, daughter of the 2nd Earl, married the Duke of Monmouth, and on their marriage in 1673 were created Duke and Duchess of Buccleuch. Sir Walter Scott, the famous writer, was descended from the Harden branch. The Scotts of Balwearie were another important branch.