An English baron, who came from England with Edward II and was at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333, is claimed as the ancestor of the Russells of Aden, Aberdeenshire. We find Russells owning property at Elgin in 1600, and in Banffshire in 1680. Of the Russells of Ashiestiel, Selkirkshire, several had distinguished military careers. The name has varied in spelling and took many forms. Russell is believed to mean russet or red.