The Livingstons were settled in West Lothian before the 12th century. Sir William Livingston received the lands of Callander from King David II, around 1347. From the Callander Livingstons descended many well-known branches. Mary Livingston, one of Mary, Queen of Scots four Marys, was the daughter of the 5th Lord of Livingston. Her brother, the 6th Lord, fought for the Queen at the battle of Langside. The 7th Lord was created Earl of Linlithgow in 1600. For participating in the Jacobite Rising of 1715 the 4th earl was forfeited. The Highland Livingstons appear to have a different origin and are sometimes called Mac an-leigh (MacLeay), meaning the son of the physician.