This family are of Norman descent and were found in the Border counties in the 12th century. Sir David Lindsay of Glenesk, who married a daughter of the Scottish king, was created Earl of Crawford in 1398. The 4th Earl, sometimes known as "Earl Beardie", plotted against the Crown and was soundly defeated by the Earl of Huntly in 1452 and deprived of his lands and titles. He was later pardoned. His son, the 5th Earl, was created Duke of Montrose in 1488, the first Dukedom conferred on a Scot who was not of the Royal family. On his death in 1495 the Dukedom ended. The Lindsays were known as "The Lightsome Lindsays". The seat of the Earl Crawford and Balcarres is at Balcarres in Fife.