Ayrshire is the home of this family where they were settled in the 12th Century. For bravery at the Battle of Largs in 1253 Hervey de Cunningham received the lands of Kilmaurs from the King. By marriage, the family came into possession of other properties including Glencairn. Alexander de Cunningham was created Earl of Glencairn in 1488. The 9th Earl who was Lord Justice General raised an army in the Highlands in support of King Charles II in 1653. The 14th Earl was a friend of Scotlands National Bard, Robert Burns, who, when the Earl died, wrote the well known "Lament for the Earl of Glencairn". Other important branches of this family were those of Corsehill, Craigends and Caprington.